Sanshō 三賞, literally “three prizes” are the three special prizes awarded to top (Makuuchi) division sumo wrestlers for exceptional performance during a sumo honbasho or tournament. The prizes were first awarded in November 1947. The three prizes are:Wikipedia
Shukun-shō (殊勲賞), Outstanding Performance prize
Kantō-shō (敢闘賞), Fighting Spirit prize
Ginō-shō (技能賞), Technique prize
Who will get the trophies and the ¥2 million that comes with each one? The prizes are voted on before the final day’s bouts take place, but some are conditional on a rikishi winning his last bout or on more exotic outcomes, such as winning the yusho. This Chris Gould video provides an inside look at the deliberations that took place in March:
The May prizes have just been announced. There are two unconditional prizes, and both are going to the surprise yusho winner, Asanoyama: he will add an Outstanding Performance Prize and a Fighting Spirit Prize to his Natsu haul.
Another Fighting Spirit Prize is guaranteed to be awarded, as it will go to the winner of the bout between Tamawashi and Abi (one could argue that Tamawashi should have received an unconditional Outstanding Performance Prize for defeating both the lone Yokozuna and the tournament champion). Also on the line on the final day is a Fighting Spirit Prize for Shimanoumi if he wins and notches double-digit victories in his top-division debut, and a Technique Prize for Ryuden if he can defeat Aoiyama and reach 10 wins.