||ryote wo tsuite
||“Put both hands down! I’m looking at you, Kotoyuki!”
||“Do it again! You didn’t get your damn hands down, Kotoyuki!”
||the short tawara lines that mark the entrances to the dohyo on the east and west. Called like that because together with the slightly shifted tawara line of the ring itself, they form the character 二, sort of.
||Official sumo tournament. Six held each year in alternating locations: Tokyo, Osaka, Tokyo, Nagoya, Tokyo, Fukuoka
||Last match of the day, usually a yokozuna (unless there aren’t any). Akin to the final pairing in a golf tournament.
||Sumo promotional tour
||A traditional song form performed by rikishi dressed in kesho-mawashi
||A mostly-humorous practice session involving kids wrestling with sekitori
||comedic sumo bout
||Ring entering ceremony. For all sekitori who are not yokozuna, that means forming a ring along the dohyo wearing kesho mawashi and performing a series of gestures in unison.
||Yokozuna’s ring entering ceremony. The yokozuna is accompanied by two assistants, his sword-bearer and Dew Gatherer. There are two styles of dohyo-iri, the style of the crane (Shiranui) and the turtle (Unryu). Each yokozuna follows a specific style, signified by specific moves and the shape of the knot used to tie his tsuna.
||Dew Gatherer – the member of the Yokozuna dohyo iri team who walks in front of the Yokozuna.
||Literally, broad sword holder. Usually translated as “Sword Bearer”. The member of the Yokozuna dohyo iri team who carries the sword.
||heya (alt. beya)
||Literally, a room. However, this is essentially the sumo clan or club which a wrestler joins.
||The head of a sumo heya.
||A wrestler from the same heya who has been there a longer time.
||A wrestler from the same heya who has been there a shorter time.
||A rikishi who is not attached to the heya where he practices, but to a coach within the heya who has the intention of leaving and starting his own heya, at which point the rikishi will move with him.
||See also: Alan Iverson Seriously, though. Many practices are open to the public. Arashio-beya, for example, provides a wealth of information about their open practices on their website.
||Morning Practice, the most important of the day.
||A drill consisting of practicing tsuppari against a pole.
||A form of practice where the wrestlers repeatedly engage until the higher-ranked one decides to finish
||Form of practice where the low-ranked wrestler has to repeatedly push the higher-ranked wrestler, and gets thrown down if he doesn’t succeed. Think of a sled drill in American football, except the sled is a higher-ranked rikishi who will beat your ass if you don’t do it right.
||The sumo drill where the leg is raised into the air and brought down with a stomp.
||When several rikishi perform shiko on the dohyo at the same time, like during the kore yori sanyaku.
||A form of exercise walking with knees bent, not lifting feet from the ground.
||A technique where the wrestler pushes both arms under the opponent’s.
||Literally, “hand-sword”. The cutting hand motions performed by rikishi when their name is called after winning, and when they receive prize money.
||Having one’s arm over the opponent’s arm rather than under it
||Having one’s arm under the opponent’s arm rather than over it
||Slaps. In sumo, blows with a closed fist are banned.
||A form of attack using slaps (harite). Slaps to the face and throat are only allowed in professional sumo, restricted to slaps to the body in amateur sumo.
||A situation in which the wrestlers have opposite favorite grips and have to fight over the grip.
||A situation in which the wrestlers have the same favorite grips.
||Match fixing. The term comes from the name of a green grocer who used to hang out with sumo people, and whenever he played Go with an oyakata, he used to go easy on him so that the result would be 1:1.